Total population
(growth rates per annum)
38,773,277 in 2012 with growth rates of 2.7% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
68 in 2012
Female population 50.1% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 42.4% in 2008 ; 42.6% in 2012
Urban population 22.8% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) N.A
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 145 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme ( provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (60); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (72.9) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 118 out of 191) in 2012
Income level GNI per capita in PPP terms (constant 2005 international $) (1,522) in 2012
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (101 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty Multidimensional Poverty Index (rank)( 34 out of 191) in 2012
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (19 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) (n.a) in 2012