Countries / Territories


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Country Brief

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked, Central Asian country that shares borders with China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Kyrgyz exports are comprised mainly of gold, re-exported oil, agricultural goods, and light industry. The low level of product diversification and reliance upon natural resources makes the Kyrgyz economy especially susceptible to volatile commodity prices. Moreover, exports are heavily concentrated in Russia and Central Asian markets, exposing Kyrgyzstan to the effects of regional economic and political fluctuations. A reliance upon energy and value added imports meanwhile has resulted in a significant trade deficit. As a member of the WTO since 1998, Kyrgyzstan has pursued increased regional integration through its participation in the CIS free trade agreement. Despite significant progress and potential, Kyrgyz trade is still hampered by low productivity, a burdensome business environment, limited financial access, and an underdeveloped physical and quality management infrastructure.